Last but not least, implementation is crucial.
The EU is competent to act in all areas of environment policy, such as air and water pollution, waste management and climate change. Its scope for action is limited by the principle of subsidiarity and the requirement for unanimity in the Council in the fields of fiscal matters, town and country planning, land use, quantitative water resource management, choice of energy sources and structure of energy supply.
The Treaty of Maastricht made the environment an official EU policy area, introduced the codecision procedure and made qualified majority voting in the Council the general rule. The Treaty of Amsterdam established the duty to integrate environmental protection into all EU sectoral policies with a view to promoting sustainable development.
Legal personality now enabled the EU to conclude international agreements. The precautionary principle is a risk management tool that may be invoked when there is scientific uncertainty about a suspected risk to human health or to the environment emanating from a certain action or policy.
For instance, should doubts arise about the potentially harmful effects of a product, and should — following an objective scientific evaluation — uncertainty persist, instructions may be given to stop the distribution of the product or to remove it from the market. Such measures must be non-discriminatory and proportionate, and must be reviewed once more scientific information is available. Operators of certain occupational activities such as the transport of dangerous substances, or of activities that imply discharge into waters, have to take preventive measures in case of an imminent threat to the environment.
If damage has already occurred, they are obliged to take the appropriate measures to remedy it and pay for the costs.
The scope of the directive has been broadened three times to include the management of extractive waste, the operation of geological storage sites, and the safety of offshore oil and gas operations respectively. The Environment Action Programmes. Building on a number of strategic initiatives, the programme sets out nine priority objectives, including: The programme also stresses the need for better implementation of EU environment law, state-of-the-art science, investment, and integration of environmental aspects into other policies.
Environmental impact assessment and public participation. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Learn more about Amazon Prime.
This book explores the effectiveness of the response of environmental groups and organisations in Britain in to the challenges of European integration. Examining the relative European orientation of British environmental policy, and the impact of British concerns on European environmental policy, the book examines issues of environmental diplomacy, institutional dynamics, and policy debates relating to specific concerns such as: Read more Read less.
Review 'This is refreshing and is corrective of a narrow legalistic approach Global Environmental Change Series Paperback: Routledge; 1 edition February 22, Language: Be the first to review this item Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video. Customer reviews There are no customer reviews yet.
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About this book Explores the consequences of recent pressures and changes. A Governmental Perspective, 3. Britain and the European Policy Process, 4. Reflections across the Channel: Challenges and Opportunities in the European Game 5. Domestic Winners and Losers, 6. The Environmental Lobby, 7.
Public Inforamtion on the Environment: The Role of the European Environment Agency, 8.
The Role of the European Environment Agency, 8. Get to Know Us. Close the search field. This EU agency open to non-EU members is responsible for providing sound and independent information on the state of and outlook for the environment. Examining the relative European orientation of British environmental policy, and the impact of British concerns on European environmental policy, the book examines issues of environmental diplomacy, institutional dynamics, and policy debates relating to specific concerns such as: